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- ISBN: 9780321911216 | 0321911210
- Cover: Hardcover
- Copyright: 1/2/2014

**, provides stepped out instruction, real-life examples and exercises, and the use of technology to offer the most accessible approach. The authors carefully develop theory through strong pedagogy, and examples show how statistics is used to picture and describe the world. In keeping with the premise that students learn best by doing, it includes more than 210 examples and more than 2300 exercises, to make the concepts of statistics a part of students’ everyday lives.**

*Elementary Statistics: Picturing the World*, Sixth Edition **Ron Larson** received his Ph.D. in mathematics from the University of Colorado in 1970. At that time he accepted a position with Penn State University, and he currently holds the rank of professor of mathematics at the university. Larson is the lead author of more than two dozen mathematics textbooks that range from sixth grade through calculus levels. Many of his texts, such as the tenth edition of his calculus text, are leaders in their markets. Larson is also one of the pioneers in the use of multimedia and the Internet to enhance the learning of mathematics. He has authored multimedia programs, extending from the elementary school through calculus levels. Larson is a member of several professional groups and is a frequent speaker at national and regional mathematics meetings.

**Betsy Farber**received her Bachelor’s degree in mathematics from Penn State University and her Master’s degree in mathematics from the College of New Jersey. Since 1976, she has been teaching all levels of mathematics at Bucks County Community College in Newtown, Pennsylvania, where she currently holds the rank of professor. She is particularly interested in developing new ways to make statistics relevant and interesting to her students and has been teaching statistics in many different modes—with the TI-84 Plus, with MINITAB, and by distance learning as well as in the traditional classroom. A member of the American Mathematical Association of Two-Year Colleges (AMATYC), she is an author of The Student Edition of MINITAB and A Guide to MINITAB. She served as consulting editor for Statistics: A First Course and has written computer tutorials for the CD-ROM correlating to the texts in the Street Series in mathematics.

**PART ONE. DESCRIPTIVE STATISTICS**

**1. Introduction to Statistics**

1.1. An Overview of Statistics

1.2. Data Classification

Case Study: Rating Television Shows in the

United States

1.3. Data Collection and Experimental Design

Activity: Random Numbers

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

History of Statistics-Timeline

Technology: Using Technology in Statistics

**2. Descriptive Statistics**

2.1. Frequency Distributions and Their Graphs

2.2. More Graphs and Displays

2.3. Measures of Central Tendency

Activity: Mean Versus Median

2.4. Measures of Variation

Activity: Standard Deviation

Case Study: Business Size

2.5. Measures of Position

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Parking Tickets

Using Technology to Determine Descriptive

Statistics

Cumulative Review: Chapters 1 and 2

**PART TWO. PROBABILITY & PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS**

**3. Probability**

3.1. Basic Concepts of Probability and Counting

Activity: Simulating the Stock Market

3.2. Conditional Probability and the Multiplication Rule

3.3. The Addition Rule

Activity: Simulating the Probability of Rolling a 3 or 4

Case Study: United States Congress

3.4. Additional Topics in Probability and Counting

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Simulation: Composing Mozart

Variations with Dice

**4. Discrete Probability Distributions**

4.1. Probability Distributions

4.2. Binomial Distributions

Activity: Binomial Distribution

Case Study: Distribution of Number of Hits in

Baseball Games

4.3. More Discrete Probability Distributions

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Simulation: Using Poisson

Distributions as Queuing Models

**5. Normal Probability Distributions**

5.1. Introduction to Normal Distributions and the Standard Normal Distribution

5.2. Normal Distributions: Finding Probabilities

5.3. Normal Distributions: Finding Values

Case Study: Birth Rates in America

5.4. Sampling Distributions and the Central Limit Theorem

Activity: Sampling Distributions

5.5. Normal Approximations to Binomial Distributions

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Simulation: Age Distribution in the

United States

Cumulative Review: Chapters 3 to 5

**PART THREE. STATISTICAL INFERENCE**

**6. Confidence Intervals**

6.1. Confidence Intervals for the Mean (¿ Known)

6.2. Confidence Intervals for the Mean (¿ Unknown)

Activity: Confidence Intervals for a Mean

Case Study: Marathon Training

6.3. Confidence Intervals for Population Proportions

Activity: Confidence Intervals for a Proportion

6.4. Confidence Intervals for Variance and Standard Deviation

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Simulation: Most Admired Polls

Using Technology to Construct Confidence

Intervals

**7. Hypothesis Testing with One Sample**

7.1. Introduction to Hypothesis Testing

7.2. Hypothesis Testing for the Mean (¿ Known)

7.3. Hypothesis Testing for the Mean (¿ Unknown)

Activity: Hypothesis Test for a Mean

Case Study: Human Body Temperature: What's

Normal?

7.4. Hypothesis Testing for Proportions

Activity: Hypothesis Test for a Proportion

7.5. Hypothesis Testing for Variance and Standard Deviation

A Summary of Hypothesis Testing

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: The Case of the Vanishing Women

Using Technology to Perform Hypothesis Tests

**8. Hypothesis Testing with Two Samples**

8.1. Testing the Difference Between Means (Independent Samples, ¿_{1} and ¿_{2} Known)

8.2. Testing the Difference Between Means (Independent Samples, ¿_{1} and ¿_{2} Unknown)

8.3. Testing the Difference Between Means (Dependent Samples)

8.4. Testing the Difference Between Proportions

A Summary of Hypothesis Testing

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Tails over Heads

Using Technology to Perform Two-Sample

Hypothesis Tests

Cumulative Review: Chapters 6 to 8

**PART FOUR. MORE STATISTICAL INFERENCE**

**9. Correlation and Regression**

9.1 Correlation

Activity: Correlation by Eye

9.2. Linear Regression

Activity: Regression by Eye

Case Study: Correlation by Body Measurements

9.3. Measures of Regression and Prediction Intervals

9.4. Multiple Regression

A Summary of Hypothesis Testing

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Nutrients in Breakfast Cereals

**10. Chi-Square Tests and the F-Distribution**

10.1. Goodness-of-Fit Test

10.2. Independence

Case Study: Food Safety Survey

10.3. Comparing Two Variances

10.4. Analysis of Variance

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: Teacher Salaries

Cumulative Review: Chapters 9 and 10

**11. Nonparametric Tests (Online and CD Only)**

11.1. The Sign Test

11.2. The Wilcoxon Tests

Case Study: College Ranks

11.3. The Kruskal-Wallis Test

11.4. Rank Correlation

11.5. The Runs Test

Uses and Abuses

Chapter Summary

Review Exercises

Chapter Quiz

Chapter Test

Real Statistics-Real Decisions-Putting It All Together

Technology: U.S. Income and Economic

Research