# Fundamentals of Heat and Mass Transfer, 7th Edition

, by Frank P. Incropera; David P. DeWitt; Theodore L. Bergman; Adrienne S. Lavine**Note:**Supplemental materials are not guaranteed with Rental or Used book purchases.

- ISBN: 9780470501979 | 0470501979
- Cover: Hardcover
- Copyright: 4/1/2011

Completely updated, the seventh edition provides engineers with an in-depth look at the key concepts in the field. It incorporates new discussions on emerging areas of heat transfer, discussing technologies that are related to nanotechnology, biomedical engineering and alternative energy. The example problems are also updated to better show how to apply the material. And as engineers follow the rigorous and systematic problem-solving methodology, they'll gain an appreciation for the richness and beauty of the discipline.

Symbols | p. xxi |

Introduction | p. 1 |

What and How? | p. 2 |

Physical Origins and Rate Equations | p. 3 |

Relationship to Thermodynamics | p. 12 |

Units and Dimensions | p. 36 |

Analysis of Heat Transfer Problems: Methodology | p. 38 |

Relevance of Heat Transfer | p. 41 |

Summary | p. 45 |

References | p. 48 |

Problems | p. 49 |

Introduction to Conduction | p. 67 |

The Conduction Rate Equation | p. 68 |

The Thermal Properties of Matter | p. 70 |

The Heat Diffusion Equation | p. 82 |

Boundary and Initial Conditions | p. 90 |

Summary | p. 94 |

References | p. 95 |

Problems | p. 95 |

One-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction | p. 111 |

The Plane Wall | p. 112 |

An Alternative Conduction Analysis | p. 132 |

Radial Systems | p. 136 |

Summary of One-Dimensional Conduction Results | p. 142 |

Conduction with Thermal Energy Generation | p. 142 |

Heat Transfer from Extended Surfaces | p. 154 |

The Bioheat Equation | p. 178 |

Thermoelectric Power Generation | p. 182 |

Micro- and Nanoscale Conduction | p. 189 |

Summary | p. 190 |

References | p. 193 |

Problems | p. 193 |

Two-Dimensional, Steady-State Conduction | p. 229 |

Alternative Approaches | p. 230 |

The Method of Separation of Variables | p. 231 |

The Conduction Shape Factor and the Dimensionless Conduction Heat Rate | p. 235 |

Finite-Difference Equations | p. 241 |

Solving the Finite-Difference Equations | p. 250 |

Summary | p. 256 |

References | p. 257 |

Problems | p. 257 |

Transient Conduction | p. 279 |

The Lumped Capacitance Method | p. 280 |

Validity of the Lumped Capacitance Method | p. 283 |

General Lumped Capacitance Analysis | p. 287 |

Spatial Effects | p. 298 |

The Plane Wall with Convection | p. 299 |

Radial Systems with Convection | p. 303 |

The Semi-Infinite Solid | p. 310 |

Objects with Constant Surface Temperatures or Surface Heat Fluxes | p. 317 |

Periodic Heating | p. 327 |

Finite-Difference Methods | p. 330 |

Summary | p. 345 |

References | p. 346 |

Problems | p. 346 |

Introduction to Convection | p. 377 |

The Convection Boundary Layers | p. 378 |

Local and Average Convection Coefficients | p. 382 |

Laminar and Turbulent Flow | p. 389 |

The Boundary Layer Equations | p. 394 |

Boundary Layer Similarity: The Normalized Boundary Layer Equations | p. 398 |

Physical Interpretation of the Dimensionless Parameters | p. 407 |

Boundary Layer Analogies | p. 409 |

Summary | p. 417 |

References | p. 418 |

Problems | p. 419 |

External Flow | p. 433 |

The Empirical Method | p. 435 |

The Flat Plate in Parallel Flow | p. 436 |

Methodology for a Convection Calculation | p. 447 |

The Cylinder in Cross Flow | p. 455 |

The Sphere | p. 465 |

Flow Across Banks of Tubes | p. 468 |

Impinging Jets | p. 477 |

Packed Beds | p. 482 |

Summary | p. 483 |

References | p. 486 |

Problems | p. 486 |

Internal Flow | p. 517 |

Hydrodynamic Considerations | p. 518 |

Thermal Considerations | p. 523 |

The Energy Balance | p. 529 |

Laminar Flow in Circular Tubes: Thermal Analysis and Convection Correlations | p. 537 |

Convection Correlations: Turbulent Flow in Circular Tubes | p. 544 |

Convection Correlations: Noncircular Tubes and the Concentric Tube Annulus | p. 552 |

Heat Transfer Enhancement | p. 555 |

Flow in Small Channels | p. 558 |

Convection Mass Transfer | p. 563 |

Summary | p. 565 |

References | p. 568 |

Problems | p. 569 |

Free Convection | p. 593 |

Physical Considerations | p. 594 |

The Governing Equations for Laminar Boundary Layers | p. 597 |

Similarity Considerations | p. 598 |

Laminar Free Convection on a Vertical Surface | p. 599 |

The Effects of Turbulence | p. 602 |

Empirical Correlations: External Free Convection Flows | p. 604 |

Free Convection Within Parallel Plate Channels | p. 618 |

Empirical Correlations: Enclosures | p. 621 |

Combined Free and Forced Convection | p. 627 |

Convection Mass Transfer | p. 628 |

Summary | p. 629 |

References | p. 630 |

Problems | p. 631 |

Boiling and Condensation | p. 653 |

Dimensionless Parameters in Boiling and Condensation | p. 654 |

Boiling Modes | p. 655 |

Pool Boiling | p. 656 |

Pool Boiling Correlations | p. 660 |

Forced Convection Boiling | p. 669 |

Condensation: Physical Mechanisms | p. 673 |

Laminar Film Condensation on a Vertical Plate | p. 675 |

Turbulent Film Condensation | p. 679 |

Film Condensation on Radial Systems | p. 684 |

Condensation in Horizontal Tubes | p. 689 |

Dropwise Condensation | p. 690 |

Summary | p. 691 |

References | p. 691 |

Problems | p. 693 |

Heat Exchangers | p. 705 |

Heat Exchanger Types | p. 706 |

The Overall Heat Transfer Coefficient | p. 708 |

Heat Exchanger Analysis: Use of the Log Mean Temperature Difference | p. 711 |

Heat Exchanger Analysis: The Effectiveness-NTU Method | p. 722 |

Heat Exchanger Design and Performance Calculations | p. 730 |

Additional Considerations | p. 739 |

Summary | p. 747 |

References | p. 748 |

Problems | p. 748 |

Radiation: Processes and Properties | p. 767 |

Fundamental Concepts | p. 768 |

Radiation Heat Fluxes | p. 771 |

Radiation Intensity | p. 773 |

Blackbody Radiation | p. 782 |

Emission from Real Surfaces | p. 792 |

Absorption, Reflection, and Transmission by Real Surfaces | p. 801 |

Kirchhoff's Law | p. 810 |

The Gray Surface | p. 812 |

Environmental Radiation | p. 818 |

Summary | p. 826 |

References | p. 830 |

Problems | p. 830 |

Radiation Exchange Between Surfaces | p. 861 |

The View Factor | p. 862 |

Blackbody Radiation Exchange | p. 872 |

Radiation Exchange Between Opaque, Diffuse, Gray Surfaces in an Enclosure | p. 876 |

Multimode Heat Transfer | p. 893 |

Implications of the Simplifying Assumptions | p. 896 |

Radiation Exchange with Participating Media | p. 896 |

Summary | p. 901 |

References | p. 902 |

Problems | p. 903 |

Diffusion Mass Transfer | p. 933 |

Physical Origins and Rate Equations | p. 934 |

Mass Transfer in Nonstationary Media | p. 939 |

The Stationary Medium Approximation | p. 947 |

Conservation of Species for a Stationary Medium | p. 947 |

Boundary Conditions and Discontinuous Concentrations at Interfaces | p. 954 |

Mass Diffusion with Homogeneous Chemical Reactions | p. 962 |

Transient Diffusion | p. 965 |

Summary | p. 971 |

References | p. 972 |

Problems | p. 972 |

Thermophysical Properties of Matter | p. 981 |

Mathematical Relations and Functions | p. 1013 |

Thermal Conditions Associated with Uniform Energy Generation in One-Dimensional, Steady-State Systems | p. 1019 |

The Gauss-Seidel Method | p. 1025 |

The Convection Transfer Equations | p. 1027 |

Boundary Layer Equations for Turbulent Flow | p. 1031 |

An Integral Laminar Boundary Layer Solution for Parallel Flow over a Flat Plate | p. 1035 |

Index | p. 1039 |

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