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- ISBN: 9781843920762 | 184392076X
- Cover: Nonspecific Binding
- Copyright: 2/1/2005
This book provides a critical analysis of both political and professional developments in policy and practice relating to non-custodial penalties, taking full account of developments such as the creation of a National Probation Service in 2002. Originally published in 1997, this second edition builds on the strengths of the first, updating throughout and including new sections and chapters to take account of the many changes in this field. It unravels the complex institutional goals (the role of community punishment in the criminal justice system), professional goals (what can be achieved by community punishment) and political goals (the packaging and 'sale' of community punishment to the law-abiding public).The central focus is on the changing role of the probation service, and it is concerned to address two central questions:Is it possible to explain (theorise) community penalties in ways that do not constantly have to make reference to prison?Why is it that, despite persistent attempts to 'strengthen' or 'toughen' community penalties, they remain 'soft options' in the eyes of the public shy; poor substitutes for the only real punishment, which is prison?Punishment in the Community is divided into two parts, dealing with the principles and politics of community punishment, and the changing role of the probation service. New sections cover recent developments, particularly the Crime and Disorder Act and its implications, the various reforms of the criminal justice system since then (including Halliday, Auld, Justice for All); the creation of the National Probation Service, and full coverage of practice developments, including What Works and cognitive behavioural programmes, persistence and desistence, Drug Treatment and Testing Orders, dealing with racially motivated offenders, working with victims, restorative justice; and developments in youth justice, including the creation of the Youth Justice Board and the introduction of Anti-Social Behaviour Orders.