Phil Gersmehl, PhD, formerly Codirector of the New York Center for Geographic Learning, is Visiting Research Professor with the Michigan Geographic Alliance at Central Michigan University. Dr. Gersmehl is a Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and a recipient of the President’s Award from the Social Studies division of the New York City Teachers’ Union. He has worked with geographic alliances in 28 states, as well as with similar groups in Canada, England, Japan, Korea, and Russia. He was Codirector of the ARGUS and ARGWorld projects, both funded by the National Science Foundation and other sources and both administered by the Association of American Geographers. He also assisted with three NASA-funded educational projects and one for the U.S. Department of Education. The author of two geography textbooks, he has developed distance-learning courses for the University of Minnesota, a pilot TV episode for the Corporation for Public Broadcasting, and a number of instructional computing projects for IBM and other groups.
Introduction: Before We Start 1. One Perspective: A Way of Looking at the World 2. Two Blades of a Scissors: Regional and Topical Geography 3. Three Strands of Meaning: Facts, Theories, and Values 4. Four Cornerstones: Foundation Ideas of Geography 5. Five Themes: Meeting the Standards 6. Spatial Thinking: Geographical Skills 7. Three Kinds of Tests for Three Kinds of Meaning 8. Geography in the Curriculum: Surviving Top-Down Educational Reform 9. A Multiwheeled Cart: Supporting Teachers 10. Pairs of Tools, Working Together 11. Helping to Build a Palace 12. Afterword: 47% of Our High-School Seniors Cannot Find China on a Map Appendix: Some Facts Every Geography Student Should Know for Perspective