- ISBN: 9781457639807 | 1457639807
- Cover: Paperback
- Copyright: 10/11/2013
Understanding the American Promise, Second Edition, features a brief, question-driven narrative that models for students the inquiry-based methods used by historians and features innovative active learning pedagogy to help students understand what’s really important to know about U.S. history. This affordable text comes integrated with LearningCurve, an adaptive learning tool that helps students retain what they’ve read and come to class prepared.
What's in the LaunchPad
Susan M. Hartmann (Ph.D., University of Missouri) is Arts and Humanities Distinguished Professor of History at Ohio State University. In 1995 she won the university's Exemplary Faculty Award in the College of Humanities. Her publications include Truman and the 80th Congress; The Home Front and Beyond: American Women in the 1940s; From Margin to Mainstream: American Women and Politics since 1960; and The Other Feminists: Activists in the Liberal Establishment.
Chapter 1 Study GuideChapter 2 Europeans Encounter the New World 1492–1600What factors led to European exploration in the fifteenth century?Mediterranean Trade and European ExpansionA Century of Portuguese Exploration What did Spanish explorers discover in the western Atlantic?The Explorations of ColumbusThe Geographic Revolution and the Columbian ExchangeHow did Spaniards explore, conquer, and colonize New Spain?The Conquest of MexicoThe Search for Other MexicosSpanish Outposts in Florida and New Mexico New Spain in the Sixteenth CenturyThe Toll of Spanish Conquest and ColonizationWhat impact did Spain’s New World endeavors have in Europe?The Protestant Reformation and the Spanish Response Europe and the Spanish ExampleConclusion: What promise did the New World offer Europeans?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 2 Study GuideChapter 3 Founding the Southern Colonies in the Seventeenth Century 1601–1700 What challenges faced early Chesapeake colonists? The Fragile Jamestown SettlementCooperation and Conflict between Natives and NewcomersFrom Private Company to Royal GovernmentHow did Chesapeake tobacco society take shape?Tobacco Agriculture A Servant Labor System The Rigors of Servitude Cultivating Land and FaithWhy did Chesapeake colonial society change in the late seventeenth century?Social and Economic PolarizationGovernment Policies and Political ConflictBacon’s RebellionWhy did the southern colonies move toward a slave labor system?Religion and Revolt in the Spanish Borderland The West Indies: Sugar and SlaveryCarolina: A West Indian FrontierSlave Labor Emerges in the ChesapeakeConclusion: Why were export crops and slave labor important in the growth of the southern colonies?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 3 Study GuideChapter 4 Founding the Northern Colonies 1601–1700 Why did the Puritans immigrate to North America?Puritan Origins: The English ReformationThe Pilgrims and Plymouth ColonyThe Founding of Massachusetts Bay ColonyHow did New England society change during the seventeenth century?Church, Covenant, and ConformityGovernment by Puritans for PuritanismThe Splintering of PuritanismReligious Controversies and Economic ChangesWhat was distinctive about the middle colonies?From New Netherland to New YorkNew Jersey and PennsylvaniaToleration and Diversity in PennsylvaniaWhat was the connection between the colonies and the English empire?Royal Regulation of Colonial TradeKing Philip’s War and the Consolidation of Royal AuthorityConclusion: Was there an English model of colonization in North America?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 4 Study GuideChapter 5 The Changing World of Colonial America 1701–1770 How did the North American colonies change in the eighteenth century?What changed in New England life and culture? Natural Increase and Land DistributionFarms, Fish, and Atlantic TradeWhat spurred the growth of the middle colonies?German and Scots-Irish Immigrants"God Gives All Things to Industry": Urban and Rural LaborWhy did slavery become the defining feature of the southern colonies?The Atlantic Slave Trade and the Growth of SlaverySlave Labor and African American CultureTobacco, Rice, and ProsperityWhat experiences tended to unify the colonists in British North America during the eighteenth century?Commerce and ConsumptionReligion, Enlightenment, and RevivalTrade and Conflict in the North American BorderlandsColonial Politics in the British EmpireConclusion: What was the dual identity of British North American colonists?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 5 Study GuideChapter 6 The British Empire and the Colonial Crisis 1754–1775 How did the Seven Years’ War lay the groundwork for colonial crisis?French-British Rivalry in the Ohio CountryThe Albany CongressThe War and Its ConsequencesPontiac’s Rebellion and the Proclamation of 1763Why did the Sugar Act and the Stamp Act draw fierce opposite from colonists?Grenville’s Sugar ActThe Stamp ActResistance Strategies and Crowd PoliticsLiberty and Property Why did British authorities send troops to occupy Boston in the fall of 1768? The Townshend DutiesNonconsumption and the Daughters of LibertyMilitary Occupation and "Massacre" in BostonWhy did Parliament pass the Coercive Acts in 1774?The Calm before the StormTea in Boston HarborThe Coercive ActsBeyond Boston: Rural New EnglandThe First Continental CongressHow did enslaved people in the colonies react to the stirrings of revolution?Lexington and ConcordRebelling against Slavery Conclusion: What changes did the American colonists want in 1775?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 6 Study GuideChapter 7 Fighting the American Revolution 1775–1783 Why did Americans wait so long before they declared their independence?Assuming Political and Military AuthorityPursuing Both War and PeaceThomas Paine, Abigail Adams, and the Case for IndependenceThe Declaration of IndependenceWhat initial challenges did the opposing armies face? The American Military ForcesThe British StrategyQuebec, New York, and New JerseyWhat role did the home front play in the war? Patriotism at the Local LevelThe LoyalistsWho Is a Traitor?Prisoners of WarFinancial Instability and CorruptionHow were Native Americans and the French involved in the war? Burgoyne’s Army and the Battle of SaratogaThe War in the West: Indian CountryThe French AllianceWhy did the British southern strategy ultimately fail?Georgia and South CarolinaTreason and Guerrilla WarfareSurrender at YorktownThe Losers and the Winners Conclusion: Why did the British lose the American Revolution?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 7 Study GuideChapter 8 Building a Republic 1775–1789What kind of government did the Articles of Confederation create? Confederation and TaxationThe Problem of Western LandsRunning the New GovernmentHow did the states define citizenship and freedom?The State ConstitutionsWho Are "the People"?Equality and SlaveryWhy did the Articles of Confederation fail?The War Debt and the Newburgh ConspiracyThe Treaty of Fort StanwixLand Ordinances and the Northwest TerritoryThe Requisition of 1785 and Shays’s Rebellion, 1786–1787How did the Constitution change how the nation was governed?From Annapolis to PhiladelphiaThe Virginia and New Jersey PlansDemocracy versus RepublicanismWhat were the objections to ratification of the Constitution? The FederalistsThe AntifederalistsThe Big Holdouts: Virginia and New YorkConclusion: What was the "republican remedy"?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LCChapter 8 Study GuideChapter 9 Forming the New Nation 1789–1800 What were the sources of political stability in the 1790s?Washington Inaugurates the GovernmentThe Bill of RightsThe Republican Wife and MotherWhat were Hamilton’s economic policies?Agriculture, Transportation, and BankingThe Public Debt and TaxesThe First Bank of the United States and the Report on ManufacturesThe Whiskey RebellionWhat external threats did the United States face in the 1790s?Creeks in the SouthwestOhio Indians in the NorthwestFrance and BritainThe Haitian RevolutionHow did partisan rivalries shape the politics of the late 1790s?The Election of 1796 The XYZ AffairThe Alien and Sedition ActsConclusion: Why did the new nation ultimately form political parties?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 9 Study GuideChapter 10 A Maturing Republic 1800–1824How did Jefferson attempt to undo the Federalist innovations of earlier administrations?Turbulent Times: Election and RebellionThe Jeffersonian Vision of Republican SimplicityDangers Overseas: The Barbary WarsWhat was the significance of the Louisiana Purchase for the United States?The Louisiana PurchaseThe Lewis and Clark ExpeditionOsage and Comanche IndiansWhy did Congress declare war on Great Britain in 1812?Impressment and EmbargoDolley Madison and Social PoliticsTecumseh and TippecanoeThe War of 1812Washington City Burns: The British OffensiveHow did the civil status of American women and men differ in the early Republic?Women and the LawWomen and Church GovernanceFemale Education Why did partisan conflict increase during the administrations of Monroe and Adams?From Property to DemocracyThe Missouri CompromiseThe Monroe DoctrineThe Election of 1824The Adams AdministrationConclusion: How did republican simplicity become complex? [[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 10 Study GuideChapter 11 The Expanding Republic 1815–1840 Why did the United States experience a market revolution after 1815?Improvements in TransportationFactories, Workingwomen, and Wage LaborBankers and LawyersBooms and BustsWhy did Andrew Jackson defeat John Quincy Adams so dramatically in the 1828 election?Popular Politics and Partisan IdentityThe Election of 1828 and the Character IssueJackson’s Democratic AgendaWhat was Andrew Jackson’s impact on the presidency?Indian Policy and the Trail of TearsThe Tariff of Abominations and NullificationThe Bank War and Economic BoomHow did social and cultural life change in the 1830s?The Family and Separate SpheresThe Education and Training of YouthsThe Second Great AwakeningThe Temperance Movement and the Campaign for Moral ReformOrganizing against SlaveryWhy was Martin Van Buren a one-term president?The Politics of SlaveryElection and PanicsConclusion: The Age of Jackson or the era of reform?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 11 Study GuideChapter 12The New West and the Free North 1840–1860What factors contributed to the United States’ "industrial evolution"? Agriculture and Land PolicyManufacturing and MechanizationRailroads: Breaking the Bonds of NatureHow did the free-labor ideal account for economic inequality? The Free-Labor IdealEconomic InequalityImmigrants and the Free-Labor LadderWhat factors spurred westward expansion?Manifest DestinyOregon and the Overland TrailThe Mormon ExodusThe Mexican BorderlandsWhy did the United States go to war with Mexico?The Politics of ExpansionThe Mexican-American War, 1846–1848Victory in MexicoGolden CaliforniaHow did reform movements change after 1840?The Pursuit of Perfection: Transcendentalists and UtopiansWoman’s Rights ActivistsAbolitionists and the American Ideal Conclusion: How was white freedom in the West and North defined?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 12 Study GuideChapter 13Understanding the Slave South, 1820–1860Why did the South become so distinctly different from the North? Cotton Kingdom, Slave Empire The South in Black and White The Plantation Economy What was plantation life like for masters and mistresses? Paternalism and Male HonorThe Southern Lady and Feminine VirtuesWhat was plantation life like for slaves? Work Family and Religion Resistance and Rebellion How did nonslaveholding southern whites work and live? Plantation-Belt Yeomen Upcountry Yeomen Poor Whites The Culture of the Plain Folk What place did free blacks occupy in the South? Precarious Freedom Achievement despite Restrictions How did slavery shape southern politics? The Democratization of the Political ArenaPlanter Power Conclusion: How did slavery come to define the South? [[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 13 Study Guide Chapter 14The House Divided, 1846–1861Why did the acquisition of land from Mexico contribute to sectional tensions? The Wilmot Proviso and the Expansion of Slavery The Election of 1848 Debate and Compromise What factors helped unravel the balance between slave and free states? The Fugitive Slave Act Uncle Tom’s Cabin The Kansas-Nebraska Act How did the party system change in the 1850s? The Old Parties: Whigs and Democrats The New Parties: Know-Nothings and Republicans The Election of 1856 Why did northern fear of the "Slave Power" intensify in the 1850s? "Bleeding Kansas" The Dred Scott Decision Prairie Republican: Abraham Lincoln The Lincoln-Douglas Debates Why did some southern states secede immediately after Lincoln’s election?The Aftermath of John Brown’s RaidRepublican Victory in 1860 Secession Winter Conclusion: Why did political compromise fail? [[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 14 Study Guide Chapter 15The Crucible of War, 1861–1865Why did both the Union and the Confederacy consider control of the border states crucial?Attack on Fort Sumter The Upper South Chooses Sides Why did each side expect to win? How They Expected to Win Lincoln and Davis Mobilize How did each side fare in the early years of the war? Stalemate in the Eastern Theater Union Victories in the Western Theater The Atlantic Theater International Diplomacy How did the war for union become a fight for black freedom? From Slaves to Contraband From Contraband to Free People The War of Black Liberation What problems did the Confederacy face at home? Revolution from Above Hardship Below The Disintegration of Slavery How did the war affect the economy and politics of the North? The Government and the Economy Women and Work at Home and at War Politics and Dissent How did the Union finally win the war? Vicksburg and Gettysburg Grant Takes Command The Election of 1864 The Confederacy Collapses Conclusion: In what ways was the Civil War a "Second American Revolution"? [[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 15 Study Guide Chapter 16Reconstructing a Nation 1863–1877Why did Congress object to Lincoln’s wartime plan for reconstruction?"To Bind Up the Nation’s Wounds"Land and LaborThe African American Quest for AutonomyHow did the North respond to the passage of black codes in the southern states?Johnson’s Program of ReconciliationWhite Southern Resistance and Black CodesExpansion of Federal Authority and Black RightsHow radical was congressional reconstruction?The Fourteenth Amendment and Escalating ViolenceRadical Reconstruction and Military RuleImpeaching a PresidentThe Fifteenth Amendment and Women’s DemandsWhat brought the elements of the South’s Republican coalition together? Freedmen, Yankees, and YeomenRepublican RuleWhite Landlords, Black SharecroppersWhy did reconstruction collapse?Grant’s Troubled PresidencyNorthern Resolve WithersWhite Supremacy TriumphsAn Election and a CompromiseConclusion: Was reconstruction "a revolution but half accomplished"?[[√]] LearningCurve bedfordstmartins.com/roarkunderstanding/LC Chapter 16 Study Guide